Diabetes means that your blood glucose (sugar) is too high.Your blood always has some glucose in it because the bodyuses glucose for energy. It’s the fuel that keeps you going. Buttoo much glucose in the blood is not good for your health.When you take steps to prevent diabetes, you also lower yourrisk of heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and amputation.Small changes in your lifestyle can make a difference.Steps you can take:
Although health benefits can be gained fromany increase in your physical activity, the most significanthealth benefits may be gained by doing the following each week:
• 2 hours and 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobicphysical activity
• 1 hour and 15 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity or
• A combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensityaerobic physical activity
• Muscle-strengtheningactivities on 2 days
• Stay at a healthy weight.
Being overweight raisesyour risk of diabetes. Ifyou’re overweight, startmaking small changes to your eating habits byadding more whole-grainfoods, fruits, and vegetables.Start exercising more,even if taking a short walkis all you can do for now.If you’re not sure whereto start, talk to your doctor.Even a small amountof weight loss — 10 to15 pounds — has beenproven to delay or evenprevent the onset of type 2diabetes.